Students will create a color wheel, become familiar with color schemes, and create a self portrait based on the art of Andy Warhol.
In this lesson students will...
- create a color wheel and be able to identify warm colors, cool colors, primary colors, and secondary colors.
- be able to identify color schemes and create their own including monochromatic, analogous, complimentary, and split complementary.
- be able to understand hues, tints, and shades.
- become familiar with the artwork of pop artist Andy Warhol and be able to compare his work to their own.
- understand how to create circles using a compass.
Tools & Materials
- Printer Paper
- Large Construction Paper (Can be adapted for material availability.)
- Crayons (I used a Crayola Class Pack. I made caddies for each table that had multiple sets of all 12 colors. Students can share with their table.)
- Compass (I had my students create their own color wheels, to adapt this lesson to a younger class, you could provide them with blank color wheel templates.)
Andy Warhol - An American Pop artists an American artist, director and producer who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art.
Color Wheel - A circle with different colored sectors used to show the relationship between colors. 12 color color wheels include Red, Red Orange, Orange, Yellow Orange, Yellow Yellow Green, Green, Blue Green, Blue, Blue Violet, Violet, and Red Violet.
Primary Colors - The basic colors that cannot be made by mixing other colors together.
Secondary Colors - The colors made by mixing equal amounts of two primary colors.
Warm Colors - Red, Red Orange, Orange, Yellow Orange, Yellow, and Yellow Green
Cool Colors - Green, Blue Green, Blue, Blue Violet, Violet, and Red Violet.
Monochromatic Color Scheme - One color plus all the tints and shades of that color.
Analogous Colors - Colors that appear next to each other on the color wheel.
Complementary Colors - Colors that are opposites on the color wheel.
Split Complimentary Colors - One color and the colors on either side of it's opposite.
1. Students will be shown a presentation about Andy Warhol and pop art. Students will get a small intro to color and receive the template for a color wheel.
2. Students will be given 12 colors each that are needed for their color wheel. They can share with a partner. They will be instructed how to blend with the white and black crayons to create the tints and shades of each color.
3. The instructor will do a demonstration about how to create a color wheel using a ruler and a compass. Students will create their own and will be shown how to label their color wheel as instructed by the template in front of the class and use their crayons to fill in the wheel.
4. When students are finished with their color wheels, they will receive the color scheme worksheet. The worksheet will be reviewed in front of the class before they start. They will use the instructions on the sheet to fill in the squares of the color schemes as described.
5. When both the wheel and worksheet are finished, students will be taken into the hallway to be photographed.
6. Each student will receive a small 3in x 4in or similar size copy of their photo. They will be instructed to overlay another sheet of paper on top of their photo and trace a contour line drawing using the light table or the windows in the classroom.
7. When the line drawings are done they can be collected. Each line drawing should be copied seven times to provide each child with enough portraits to color each one of the seven color schemes represented in this project.
8. Students will be instructed to use their crayons to color each portrait. They should represent all seven color schemes. They will be shown to color the background one color, skin one color, hair one color, and so on until each color of the color scheme is represented.
9. When they are finished coloring, they can cut out their portraits and glue them to a larger sheet of construction paper to create a frame.
South Carolina Visual Arts Standards
Standard 1: The student will demonstrate competence in the use of ideas, materials, techniques, and processes in the creation of works of visual art.
VA6-1.1 Identify the materials, techniques, and processes used in a variety of artworks.
Standard 2: The student will use composition and the elements and principles of design to
VA6-2.1 Select a work of art, analyze its composition, and discuss which elements of art
and principles of design are used in the work.
VA6-2.2 Describe the ways in which the elements and principles of design are used in a particular work of art and the ways in which their use expresses the artist’s ideas.